Oxford – Railway Gun ‘Gladiator’

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Výrobce: Oxford DiecastMěřítko: 1:76


-sběratelský model vojenské techniky  Railway Gun 'Gladiator'  howitzer  1/76
-provedení:kovový model s plastovými částmi
Trať (railway track) není součástí balení

       BL 18-inch railway howitzer

The BL 18-inch railway howitzer (formally Ordnance BL 18-inch Mk I howitzer on truck, railway) was a British railway gun developed during World War I. Part of the progression of ever-larger howitzers on the Western Front, it did not enter service until 1920.

TypeRailway howitzer
Place of originUnited Kingdom
Service history
In service1920–1945
Used byUnited Kingdom
WarsWorld War II
Production history
ManufacturerElswick Ordnance Company
No. built5
Mass85.7 tons (barrel & breech)
Barrel lengthBore: 52 ft (16 m) (34.7 calibres)

ShellHE; 2,500 lb (1,134 kg)
Calibre18-inch (457.2 mm)
Elevation0° – 40°
Traverse2° L & R
Muzzle velocity1,880 ft/s (570 m/s)
Effective firing range22,300 yd (20,400 m)

Five guns and two complete equipments on railway wagons were produced. After World War I there was no use for such large but relatively short-ranged weapons and they were placed in storage. In World War II the two wagons were used to mount 13.5-inch guns, which were capable of engaging targets on the German-occupied Channel coast of France. In late 1940 one 18-inch howitzer was mounted on the railway mounting nicknamed “Boche Buster” which had been used in World War I to carry a 14-inch gun. It was deployed at Bishopsbourne in Kent on the Elham to Canterbury Line as a coast defence gun as a precaution against possible German invasion. The gun’s range was insufficient for cross-Channel firing and hence it was never fired in action.

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