Deagostini – AMX-30R Roland Missile System , 57e Régiment d’Artillerie Antiaérien , Marne France 1991
SklademVýrobce: DeAgostiniMěřítko: 1:72
-sběratelský model vojenské techniky AMX-30R Roland 1/72 -provedení: kovový model s plastovými částmi
AMX-30R anti-aircraft gun system, a bridge-layer, the Pluton tactical nuclear missile launcher and a surface-to-air missile launcher.
The development of SAMs (Surface to Air Missiles) launchers led to the creation of an all-terrain vehicle capable of covering divisions in operations. This imposed the SPAAML type or Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Missile Launcher. With its range, it gave another protective layer well above the range of sp. AA guns (SPAAGs). In France, the Roland was the dedicated platform to operate the Roland missile, co-developed with West Germany. Due to the weight of the launcher, reloads and operative systems, the AMX-30 chassis was chosen for this development, on specifications to GIAT. The prototype was tried on 17 January 1976 and the final design was validated in 1977 and an order of 183 vehicles followed.
|Dimensions||6.65 x3.10 x4.45 m deployed (261.8 x122 x176 in)|
|Total weight, battle ready||33 tons (66,000 Ibs)|
|Crew||3 (driver, cdr, operator)|
|Propulsion||HS-110 diesel 720hp|
|Suspensions||Torsion bars and shock absorbers|
|Speed (road)||60 km/h (37.3 mph)|
|Range||600 km (370 mi)|
|Armament||2 xRoland SAM launchers, 8 reloads|
|Armor||30 mm max chassis (1,8 in)|
|Total production (France only)||183 in 1977-1981|
This short-range surface-to-air missile was developed in the 1960s specifically for mobile platforms and to protect high-value targets like airfields. It was studied from 1936 by Nord Aviation of France and Bölkow of West Germany and led to the first test in June 1968. However, development continued on until 1977 when it was officially accepted into service. In 1978 the first all-weather Roland II version was introduced in Germany, 1981 in France.
The Roland deployed on the AMX-30 (Marder IFV in Germany) flew at Mach 1.3 to 1.6 at altitudes ranging from 20 to 5,500 meters. It was 67 kgs in weight and could carry a 6.5 kg (14.3 lb) pre-fragmented high-explosive payload with a 6 m lethality radius. The Roland 3, VT1 (1991) developed by Euromissile/Thomson CSF/Thales means it’s still in service today, although due to high price tag the procurement never reached initial objectives. Outside France and Germany, it is also used by the US Army. Historically “Roland” was a famous Charlemagne’s Paladin (Knight bodyguard).
|Warhead||6.5 kg (14.3 lb) pre-fragmented high-explosive|
|Engine||Dual-thrust solid-fueled rocket:
|Flight altitude||5,500 m|
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