MODIMIO Collections – T-55 Medium Tank , Rudá armáda (Soviet Army) , Československo 1960-1980

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-sběratelský model tanku T-55 Soviet Medium Tank   1/43 
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                                     Tank T-54 / T-55

Sovětské tanky T-54/55 byly vyvinuty během 40. let jako náhrada za T-34. Tanky T-54 a T-55 jsou si velmi podobné a na první pohled nerozeznatelné. Mnoho T-54 bylo přestavěno na verzi T-54M, z hlediska bojového nasazení ekvivalentní T-55. Tank má velmi nízkou siluetu, díky které je méně zranitelný, síla čelního pancíře je v rozmezí 120–200 mm. Bez přípravy se tank může brodit v hloubce 1,4 m (5,5 m s přípravou).

The T-54 and T-55 tanks are a series of Soviet main battle tanks introduced in the years following the Second World War. The first T-54 prototype was completed at Nizhny Tagil by the end of 1945. Initial production ramp up settled for 1947 at Nizhny Tagil, and 1948 for Kharkov were halted and curtailed as many problems were uncovered; the T-34-85 still accounted for 88 percent of production through the 1950s. The T-54 eventually became the main tank for armoured units of the Soviet Army, armies of the Warsaw Pact countries, and many others. T-54s and T-55s have been involved in many of the world’s armed conflicts since the later part of the 20th century.

Type
  • Medium tank
  • Main battle tank
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
In service1949–present
Used bySee Operators
Production history
Designer
  • KMDB (T-54)
  • OKB-520 (T-54A and later)
Designed1945–1958
Manufacturer
  • KhPZ, UVZ (USSR)
  • Bumar-Łabędy (Poland)
  • ZTS Martin (Czechoslovakia)
Produced
  • 1946–1981 (USSR)
  • 1956–1979 (Poland)
  • 1957–1983 (Czechoslovakia)
No. built86,000–100,000+ est.
VariantsSee Operators and variantssection below
Specifications (T-55)
Weight36 tonnes (39.7 ST)
Length9.00 m (with gun forward)
Width3.37 m
Height2.40 m
Crew4

Armour205 mm turret front
130 mm turret sides
60 mm turret rear
30 mm turret roof
120 mm hull front at 60° (100 mm after 1949)
79 mm hull upper sides
20 mm hull lower sides
60 mm at 0° hull rear
20 mm hull bottom
33-16 mm hull roof
Main
armament
D-10T 100 mm rifled gun
Secondary
armament
7.62 mm SGMT coaxial machine gun, (12.7 mm DShK heavy machine gun)
EngineModel V-55(V-54) V-12 water-cooled. 38.88-l diesel
500 hp (373 kW) up to 800 hp (597 kW) (late versions)
Power/weight14.6 hp (10.4 kW) / tonne
TransmissionMechanical [synchromesh], 5 forward, 1 reverse gears
SuspensionTorsion bar
Ground clearance0.425 m
Fuel capacity580 l internal, 320 l external (less on early T54), 400 l jettisonable rear drums
Speed48 km/h (30 mph)

 

Rudá armáda, celým názvem Dělnicko-rolnická rudá armáda (rusky Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия, Raboče-kresťjanskaja Krasnaja armija (РККА nebo RKKA), zkráceně jen Красная армия) byla armáda bolševického Ruska (1918–1922) a posléze Sovětského svazu (1922–1946).

The Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Armyfrequently shortened to Red Armywas the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Beginning in February 1946, the Red Army, along with the Soviet Navy, embodied the main component of the Soviet Armed Forces; taking the official name of “Soviet Army“, until its dissolution in December 1991. The former official name Red Army continued to be used as a nickname by both sides throughout the Cold War.

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