Forces of Valor – M1A2 Abrams MBT , 4st.USMC Tank Battalion Iraq – 2003

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     M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank

The M1 Abrams third-generation main battle tank named for General Creighton Abrams. Highly mobile, designed for modern armored ground warfare,the M1 is well armed and heavily armored. Notable features include a powerful AGT1500 multifuel turbine engine, sophisticated composite armor, and separate ammunition storage in a blow-out compartment for crew safety. Weighing nearly 68 short tons (almost 62 metric tons), it is one of the heaviest main battle tanks in service.

TypeMain battle tank
Place of originUnited States
Service history
In service1980–present
Used bySee Operators below
WarsGulf War
War in Afghanistan
Iraq War
Iraqi Civil War
2017 Iraqi–Kurdish conflict
Saudi Arabian–led intervention in Yemen
Production history
DesignerChrysler Defense (now General Dynamics Land Systems)
Designed1972–1979
ManufacturerLima Army Tank Plant (since 1980)
Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant (1982–1996)
Unit costUS$6.21 million (M1A2 / FY99)Estimated in 2016 as US$8.92 million (with inflation adjustment)
Produced1979–present
No. builtapprox. 10,288
VariantsSee variants
Specifications
WeightM1: 60 short tons (54 t)
M1A1: 63 short tons (57 t)
M1A1 SA: 67.6 short tons (61.3 t)
M1A2 SEPv2: 71.2 short tons (64.6 t)
M1A2C: 73.6 short tons (66.8 t)
LengthGun forward: 32.04 ft (9.77 m)
Hull length: 26.02 ft (7.93 m)
Width12 ft (3.66 m)
Height8 ft (2.44 m)
Crew4 (commander/machine gunner, gunner, loader, driver)

ArmorM1, M1A1: Burlington composite armor
M1A1HA, M1A2: depleted uranium mesh-reinforced composite armor

  • M1: Hull & turret –
    350 mm / 470 mm vs Armor-piercing fin-stabilized discarding-sabot (APFSDS),
    650 mm / 700 mm vs High-explosive anti-tank warhead(HEAT)
  • M1A1: Hull & turret –
    600 mm vs APFSDS,
    700 mm vs HEAT
  • M1A1HA: Hull –
    600 mm vs APFSDS,
    700 mm vs HEAT,
    Turret –
    600 mm / 800 mm vs APFSDS,
    1,300  mm vs HEAT
Main
armament
M1: 105 mm L/52 M68 rifled gun (55 rounds)
M1A1: 120 mm L/44 M256A1 smoothbore gun (40 rounds)
M1A2: 120 mm L/44 M256A1 smoothbore gun (42 rounds)
Secondary
armament
1 × .50-caliber (12.7 mm) M2HB heavy machine gun with 900 rounds
2 × 7.62 mm (.308 in) M240 machine guns with 10,400 rounds (1 pintle-mounted, 1 coaxial)
EngineHoneywell AGT1500C multi-fuel turbine engine
1,500 shp (1,120 kW)
Power/weightFrom 26.9 hp/t (20.05 kW/t) to 23.8 hp/t (17.74 kW/t)
TransmissionAllison DDA X-1100-3B
SuspensionHigh-hardness-steel torsion bars with rotary shock absorbers
Ground clearanceM1, M1A1: 0.48 m (1 ft 7 in)
M1A2: 0.43 m (1 ft 5 in)
Fuel capacity500 US gallons (1,900 l; 420 imp gal)
Operational
range
M1A2: 426 km (265 mi)
SpeedM1A1: Road 45 mph (72 km/h) (governed);
Off-road: 30 mph (48 km/h)
M1A2: Road 42 mph (67 km/h) (governed);
Off-road: 25 mph (40 km/h)

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